Crohn’s diseaseis a type of inflammatory bowel diseasethat causes intestine inflammation. Crohn’s disease is characterized by diarrhoea and bloody stool.Although it can affect any part of the intestine, the small intestine and colon are commonly affected.
Epidemiology and Types of Crohn’s Disease:
Research suggests that every 1 person in 123 people in the UK has Crohn’s disease. Crohn’s disease can be debilitating and painful with no known cure. There are different types of Crohn’s disease depending upon the part of the intestine affected. Ileitis, Ileo-colitis, gastroduodenal, and jejuno-ileitis are the four common forms of Crohn’s disease.
What are the causes of Crohn’s Disease?
The disease has no exact known cause; however, certain factors exacerbate the onset.
Autoimmunedisease: Bacteria in the gut may attack the body’s cells.
Hereditary: Crohn’s disease runs in families; if your parents or siblings are suffering from this, it is more likely that you will get it too.
A sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and alcohol consumption may increase the risk of Crohn’s disease.
Symptoms of Crohn's Disease:
People with Crohn’s disease may experience a period of severe symptoms (flare-ups) followed by a period of mild symptoms (remission). The common symptoms include:
- Abdominal pain
- Persistent diarrhoea
- Long of appetite
- Feeling of fullness
- Weight loss
- Rectal bleeding/bleeding in stool
Is there any Cure forCrohn's Disease?
There is no definite cure for Crohn’s disease; however, supportive therapies are available which help lessen the severity of symptoms.
Antibiotics-can be used to treat bacteria involved in infection in the bowels.
Antidiarrheals-are used to stop diarrhoea like loperamide.
Intermittent Fasting-giving rest to intestines is important to allow them to heal. Parental nutrition is effective, while oral food intake should be minimized during the flare-up period.
Immunomodulators-are effective when Crohn’s disease is autoimmune. Azathioprine and cyclosporinehelp lessen inflammation by suppressing the immune response.
A healthy lifestyle, stress management, avoiding smoking, and a low-fat diet helps prevent intestinal problems, especially Crohn’s disease.
If you are going through the symptoms that suspect Crohn’s disease, go for a proper medical examination. We have a professional team of physicians who are good at diagnosis and treatment. Contact usnow for more details.