Diverticular disease is a condition where the small pouches (diverticula) that sometimes form in the lining of the bowel, and push out through your bowel wall get swollen and infected.
Many people have diverticula without even realising it. There may bejust one, two diverticula or hundredsand can range is size from the very tiny to over 2cm wide. The risk of developing diverticula increases with age asthe walls of thebowel become weaker.
These are 3different ways diverticula affect people:
Diverticulosisis when diverticula don’t cause any symptoms. Nearly one in 10 people aged over 45 have diverticulosis. By 85, the risk increases to around eight in 10 people.
Diverticular diseaseis when diverticula cause symptoms such as pain in thetummy. Nearlytwo or three in every 10 people with diverticulosis will developdiverticular disease.
Diverticulitisis when diverticula becomeinflamed (red and swollen),or infected. Nearly two or three in every 10 people with diverticulosis developdiverticulitis.